Allah Ta’ala has related imān (which is the basis of Islam) to experimentation and the intellect. That is, the building of Islam has been erected upon these two principles. All other worships, blessings, and forms of obedience are the branches and twigs of this tree of imān. Allah Ta’ala in many places of Holy Qur’aan, scolds and disgraces disbelievers because they didn't use their minds; they didn't think by observing the earth, the skies and themselves, and thus attain imān.
The book Marifatnama writes, "Sayyid Sharif Jurjani, a great Islamic scholar, says that the knowledge of astronomy helps a wise and reasonable person to realize the existence of Allah Ta’ala. Imam Ghazali says that he who does not know astronomy and anatomy cannot realize Allah's existence."
Today, an intelligent person who can realize Allah's power well through the branches of sciences, such as physics, chemistry, physiology, and astronomy, can also realize easily as a scientific fact that Hadrat Adam (alaihis salaam) and all men and animals will be brought out of the soil on the Day of Resurrection. A century ago, Muslims believed this without any understanding. But today, we see it as a simple scientific fact and believe it without needing further proof.
They spread far into Asia, Africa, Cyprus, Istanbul and, in brief, everywhere. In order to introduce Allah's religion to His human creatures, they fought and they sacrificed their lives. These vast lands are full of those blessed martyrs. They sent their sons to the faculties of Baghdad University, which was at that time the greatest university in the word -
Europeans have derived most of their scientific knowledge and its basis from Islamic books. While Europeans assumed that the earth was flat like a tray surrounded by a wall, Muslims had known that the earth was spherical and was rotating. This fact is written in detail in the books Sharh-
When Galileo, Copernicus and Newton said that the earth rotated after learning this fact from Islamic books, they were deemed guilty for their words. Galileo was judged and imprisoned by priests. Until the Tanzimat [reforms of Abdul Majid in 1839], scientific lessons had been taught in madrasas. Enlightened men of religion had been educated. They had been leading the world. When scientific lessons were abrogated, explorations and inventions stopped. The West began to gain on the East.
Today, we will learn our religion from the books of those great savants. Religious knowledge can be learned from the Ahl as-
Learning experimental knowledge well, that is, the applied sciences, which is the second division of Islamic knowledge, helps and facilitates to understand easily and clearly those branches of religious knowledge that are deep and delicate. As for understanding them with the mind; doing this requires first learning the Uloom-
Astronomy in the Golden Age.
Allah Ta’ala has related imān (which is the basis of Islam) to experimentation and the intellect